Inclusive Procurement And Contracting: Building a Field of Policy and Practice

Overview

This study, co-authored by Emerald Cities and PolicyLink, and generously supported by a grant from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, surveys the current landscape on inclusive procurement and contracting policies and practices in the infrastructure and construction industries. The goal was to specifically determine how to best position minority-owned, women-owned, and disadvantaged businesses (MWDBEs) to effectively compete for large-scale construction projects in these industries. A successful inclusive procurement program of action is key not only to providing jobs, but also to closing the wealth gap needed to secure the well-being and future of children, families, and the regions in which they live.

This report details the rationale for inclusive practices in this industry and includes historical and current equitable development policies and trends. It also identifies challenges and best practices and sets forth recommendations for strengthening the field of practice. The report provides insight into inclusive procurement and contracting policies within the energy, water, transportation, health, education, and public housing sectors. It also considers the field of practice in different geographic regions of the United States.

A Roadmap Toward Equity: Housing Solutions for Oakland, California

Overview

Oakland, California, faces a serious shortage of affordable housing. Commissioned by the Oakland City Council, A Roadmap Toward Equity analyzes the depth of the problem and presents more than a dozen policy solutions for preventing displacement, increasing the stock of affordable housing, and improving housing habitability for all Oakland residents.

Strategies for Strengthening Anchor Institutions’ Community Impact

Overview

Anchor institutions are large, place-based organizations, often public or nonprofit, that exist as core fixtures in local communities. This brief provides promising examples where anchor institutions have engaged in activities to advance economic inclusion, promote access to employment, and otherwise improve the circumstances faced by boys and men of color. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Health-Care Workforce Development

Overview

This brief identifies a number of promising programs and practices in the health-care sector that promotes access to economic opportunities for people of color and other individuals facing barriers to opportunity. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Wraparound Services for African American Men Seeking Employment

Overview

This brief presents promising practices for wrapping young men of color in supports such as pre-employment services, transitional jobs, and job placement services. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Addressing Equity in Infrastructure and Public Works

Overview

This brief presents case studies and promising practices for connecting hard-to-employ job seekers, men of color, and low-income residents to temporary and permanent job opportunities in the infrastructure sector. Featured are targeted first-source hiring and contracting programs implemented through community workforce agreements (CWAs), community benefit agreements (CBAs), and/or project labor agreements (PLAs). The document draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Key Strategies to Advance Equitable Growth in Regions

Overview

Achieving equitable growth in cities and regions will require a new set of tools, innovative leveraging of resources, and unprecedented levels of collaboration. This report draws from the work already underway in more than 40 cities and regions to connect low-income people and communities of color to the economic mainstream. It lifts up strategies concentrated in seven areas, all helping communities to plan for equitable growth, remove employment barriers, grow good jobs, and strengthen the education pipeline.

Regional Planning for Health Equity

Overview

This brief introduces strategies for planning for health equity at a regional scale and summarizes the movement for building healthy communities. It draws from the experiences of regional equity coalitions and metropolitan planning organizations to identify five important conditions that must be met to achieve effective results.

Partnership for Sustainable Communities: Five Years of Learning from Communities and Coordinating Federal Investments

Overview

In celebration of the fifth anniversary of the Partnership for Sustainable Communities, HUD, DOT, and EPA released their five year annual report. This report shows how the three agencies are changing their policies and removing barriers to help communities provide more housing choices, make transportation systems more efficient and reliable, and create vibrant neighborhoods while protecting the environment.

Advancing Environmental Justice through Sustainability Planning (Full Report)

Overview

Explains why addressing environmental justice (EJ) is a key aspect of creating sustainable regions, and presents ways in which those involved in local and regional planning can achieve EJ in their communities.

Community Engagement Guide for Sustainable Communities

Overview

Describes the Sustainable Communities Initiative, where communities are catalyzing new networks of relationships, finding new problem-solving methods, and creating new inclusive decision-making tables to craft an authentic vision for an equitable and prosperous future.

California Unincorporated: Mapping Disadvantaged Communities in the San Joaquin Valley (Technical Guide)

Overview

This technical guide provides a step-by-step detailed account of technical mapping methods and additional sources for data, and will help those interested in replicating this model.

California Unincorporated: Mapping Disadvantaged Communities in the San Joaquin Valley

Overview

Describes new methods for identifying, measuring, and mapping disadvantaged unincorporated communities and a first account of the findings from applying these new methods to the San Joaquin Valley.

Advancing Environmental Justice through Sustainability Planning (Executive Summary)

Overview

Explains why addressing environmental justice (EJ) is a key aspect of creating sustainable regions, and presents ways in which those involved in local and regional planning can achieve EJ in their communities.

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment Roles and Responsibilities Guide

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment: Developing a Scope of Work to Maximize Equitable Outcomes

Overview

Outlines primary issues for consideration by HUD Sustainable Communities Regional Planning grantees to help activate a process that can inform future housing and infrastructure investment decisions.

Immigrant Integration: Integrating New Americans and Building Sustainable Communities

Overview

Profiles immigrants in this country, places the immigrant integration opportunity in the broader context of a changing country, and concludes with recommendations for local agencies to better incorporate diverse immigrant communities into planning and other processes that make our regions run.

Healthy Corridor for All: A Community Health Impact Assessment of Transit-Oriented Development Policy in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Overview

Responding to community concerns, the Healthy Corridor for All Health Impact Assessment (HIA) project was launched to understand the potential impacts of the proposed transit-oriented land use changed on the communities that live in the Central Corridor.

Fostering Equitable Foreclosure Recovery

Overview

Informs policy discussions about foreclosure recovery, describes the federal program created to help communities recover, shares case studies of efforts in three regions in the Northwest, and suggests policy recommendations for ensuring equitable recovery and building a more just system of housing finance for future generations.

Buy Newark: Adopting a Comprehensive Buy-Local Strategy for the City of Newark

Overview

Outlines various recommendations to better steer a portion of the enormous purchasing power in Newark, NJ, toward local, small, and minority- and women-owned businesses, which can result in substantial local economic impacts that would benefit a broad and deep cross-section of Newark residents.

When Investors Buy Up the Neighborhood: Strategies to Prevent Investor Ownership from Causing Neighborhood Decline

Overview

Describes three dozen strategies communities can use to reclaim foreclosed properties, encourage positive reinvestment, and stabilize their neighborhoods and also details how many of these approaches are already at work in Minnesota and across the country.

The 2011 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant Equity Guide

Overview

The PolicyLink Equity Guide to Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants is designed to help applicants structure equity focused activities into their grant applications. This guide—an update of the inaugural guide released in Summer 2010 in preparation for the first round of grants—provides information on how regions can incorporate social equity into their applications for the second round of funding for sustainable communities grants, announced in early August of 2011. It was written for local governments, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), nonprofits, foundations, and educational institutions who are interested in developing competitive grant applications.

Pathways Out of Poverty for Vulnerable Californians: Policies that Prepare the Workforce for Middle-Skill Infrastructure Jobs

Overview

Examines the growing demand for "middle-skill" jobs, highlights job opportunity expansion programs, examines challenges facing low-income people and communities of color, and offers recommendations to help California improve its community college system.

The New Orleans Index at Five: Reviewing Key Reforms After Hurricane Katrina

Overview

Describes promising equity- and community-driven developments, identifies the history of the challenge by outlining key trends in housing and community development, and describes the rise of strong community-based groups that are working to revive key neighborhoods.

Expanding Opportunity: Employing the Formerly Incarcerated in the Green Economy

Overview

Provides information to enable efficient and equitable hiring of people with criminal records using Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) funds; also provides a resource for community organizations and advocates working to promote fair opportunities for people with criminal records within the emerging green sector.

The President's 2011 Budget: Creating Communities of Opportunity

Overview

Analyzes the 2011 budget in the context of three broad approaches: making all neighborhoods stable, healthy and livable; linking people to opportunities; and enabling all to live near regional opportunity.

The 2010 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant Equity Guide

Overview

The PolicyLink Equity Guide to Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants is designed to help applicants structure equity focused activities into their grant applications. This guide—an update of the inaugural guide released in Summer 2010 in preparation for the first round of grants—provides information on how regions can incorporate social equity into their applications for the second round of funding for sustainable communities grants, announced in early August of 2011. It was written for local governments, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), nonprofits, foundations, and educational institutions who are interested in developing competitive grant applications.

An Engine of Opportunity: A User's Guide to Advocate for Transportation Equity in the 2009 Recovery Act

Overview

This report by PolicyLink and the Transportation Equity Network, provides a roadmap for advocates to ensure stimulus-funded public transportation projects bring hope and economic opportunity to millions of Americans hit “first and worstâ€ù by the economic downturn. The report shows advocates how they can push local, state, and federal leaders to make fair and just transportation investments in low-income communities and communities of color.

Inclusion in the Workforce: Positioning the Pittsburgh Region to Prosper and Compete

Overview

Analyzes racial disparities in employment in the Pittsburgh region, reviews the critical role that a diverse workforce plays in improving economic competitiveness, and features numerous recommendations on how the Pittsburgh region can work to remove structural and attitudinal barriers to reduce its racial employment disparity.

Healthy, Equitable Transportation Policy: Recommendations and Research

Overview

Details the intersection of transportation, equity, and health, covering topics from public transportation, walking and bicycling, to safety and economic development, and highlights key policy solutions and provides background on the federal surface transportation policy.

The Transportation Prescription: Bold New Ideas for Healthy, Equitable Transportation Reform

Overview

Provides key policy and program recommendations that can improve health outcomes in vulnerable communities, create economic opportunity, and enhance environmental quality.

Bringing Home the Green Recovery: A User's Guide to the 2009 America Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Overview

This report, produced with Green for All, offers tangible, up-to-date information and ideas for using and securing recovery dollars to help expand opportunity in low-income communities and communities of color. The guide is a first step in what will be a vital nationwide effort to ensure the recovery package helps all communities rise stronger than ever from this economic crisis, and that community-based organizations are at the forefront in crafting a green, equitable recovery.

All Aboard! Making Equity and Inclusion Central to Federal Transportation Policy

Overview

Provides a framework of principles, describes the work and ideas of key players, and captures the important policy solutions that should be included in the upcoming federal authorization legislation.

Understanding Climate Change: An Equitable Framework

Overview

Reports information that contributes to a deeper understanding of climate change issues, considers the equity consequences and implications associated with global warming, and provides resource guides that identify additional sources of information.

Promoting Healthy Public Policy through Community-Based Participatory Research: Ten Case Studies

Overview

This document explores 10 case studies of diverse community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnerships around the United States that have in common a commitment to foster healthy public policy. These case studies offer a window into the world of community, health department, and academic partnerships throughout the nation that are working to change policy to improve community health, reduce disparities, and foster equity. The report draws on data from dozens of in-depth interviews with partnership members, community focus groups, and policymakers.

To Be Strong Again: Renewing the Promise in Smaller Industrial Cities

Overview

The report offers a vision and an action agenda for ensuring that smaller industrial cities take their rightful places within America's diverse and healthy metropolitan regions.

Breathing Easy from Home to School: Fighting the Environmental Triggers of Childhood Asthma

Overview

Offers a blueprint for what we all can do to make our children’s air safer and healthier; provides policy recommendations and effective strategies for reducing community factors that contribute to asthma development and that spark asthma attacks.

Transforming Community Development with Land Information Systems

Overview

Describes how pioneering organizations and partnerships are turning robust, integrated parcel data systems into powerful tools for guiding community change, such as monitoring and preserving affordable housing and planning commercial district revitalization.

Regional Equity and the Quest for Full Inclusion

Overview

This framing paper, introduced at "Regional Equity 08: The Third National Summit on Equitable Development, Social Justice, and Smart Growth," during a conference hosted by PolicyLink in New Orleans examines the history of equity in America and how national and global forces are creating unique challenges and opportunities. It concludes with a vision of the future characterized by shared economic prosperity and true participatory democracy, one where everyone including people of color and residents of low-income communities can contribute and benefit.

Delivering Equitable Development to a Recovering Louisiana: A State Policy Guide for 2008 and Beyond

Overview

This report takes a thorough look at the following four principles: the integration of strategies that support people while improving places; the reduction of disparities between neighborhoods, localities, and across regions; promotion of double bottom line investments that offer financial return to investors and economic and social benefits to residents; and full and meaningful community voice, participation, and leadership. It illustrates how these principles can positively impact the rebuilding and recovery efforts throughout the state of Louisiana.

Delivering on the Promise of Inclusionary Housing: Best Practices in Administration and Monitoring

Overview

Outlines several of the most common tasks associated with ongoing administration of inclusionary housing programs and describes some of the common approaches to staffing and paying for implementation.

Voices from Forgotten Cities: Innovative Revitalization Coalitions in America's Older Small Cities

Overview

Provides a thematic summary of MIT’s Forgotten Cities seminars and a framework and analysis that arose from the discussions about daunting economic challenges faced by smaller industrial cities and the promise they hold.

Building a Better New Orleans: Hope Needs Help

Overview

Highlights tremendous strides made by New Orleans' most vulnerable people after Hurricanes Rita and Katrina and also calls on the federal government, the private sector, and the public to do more to create a truly vibrant and equitable city.

Connecting Working Families to Economic Opportunities in the Philadelphia Region: The Role of Employers

Overview

Describes barriers to economic success faced by working families and puts forth strategies that employers, government, and the nonprofit sector can use to overcome these barriers with a focus on programs for job training, housing, transportation, and community revitalization partnerships.

Grow Newark: Building Newark's Economy by Investing in Minority and Women-Owned Small Businesses

Overview

Examines the challenges facing women- and minority-owned businesses in Newark, NJ, and provides recommendations based on best practices that have been proven successful in other cities.

Expanding Opportunity: New Resources to Meet California's Housing Needs

Overview

makes the case for a dedicated source of funding for California’s housing trust fund and provides a menu of viable options. The report draws from interviews with over 50 key experts in state housing policy, industry, tax, and budget issues. It presents an in-depth economic analysis and surveys best practices of housing trust funds across the nation to show how such funding can stabilize affordable housing opportunities across the state’s diverse communities.

Advocating for Equitable Development

Overview

Provides a manual for advocates who are interested in building and applying skills to achieve economic and social equity.

Community-Based Strategies for Improving Latino Health

Overview

Reviews common barriers to improved health among various Latino populations, including neighborhood issues, language conflict, and changing diet, and explores promising policy options and successful community-based efforts.

Increasing Housing Opportunity in New York City

Overview

Makes recommendations for using inclusionary zoning (IZ) in New York City by drawing on success stories nationwide, identifying five New York neighborhoods currently slated for rezoning, and showing how IZ can increase affordable housing in those communities and whenever city neighborhoods are rezoned.

The Influence of Community Factors on Health: An Annotated Bibliography

Overview

Developed by PolicyLink, and funded by The California Endowment, this annotated bibliography contains more than 150 entries of research on how community factors affect health. This resource provides insight into the ways that researchers have investigated community effects on health, their findings, and the program and policy implications that researchers have drawn from their work. (html and print publication)

Dealing with Neighborhood Change: A Primer on Gentrification and Policy Choices

Overview

Serves as a primer on how to view the complex issue of gentrification,  and suggests policies and strategies that can be pursued to advance equitable development by optimizing the benefits of neighborhood change while minimizing or eliminating the downsides of such change.

Leadership for Policy Change

Overview

Describes the barriers to participation of leaders of color in local and national public policy development and the strategies that can be used to remove the barriers so that leaders can use their expertise and experience to benefit low-income communities of color and the nation as a whole.

Investing in a Sustainable Future: An Analysis of ACA 14 and SCA 11

Overview

Addresses California’s growth, looks at how local communities are struggling to address unmet community infrastructure needs that impact quality of life, analyzes the infrastructure shortfall, and makes the case for two constitutional amendments that were under consideration in the California state legislature in 2003.

Promise and Challenge: Achieving Regional Equity in Greater Boston

Overview

Ties the principles of equitable development to smart growth, prioritizes policy opportunities in Greater Boston, and includes strategies to improve current policies and advocate for new directions, such as the application of equity criteria to all publicly subsidized development.

Reducing Health Disparities Through a Focus on Communities

Overview

Frames the issue of health disparities and communities in a comprehensive, integrated manner and suggests what new strategies, approaches, and policies may be needed.

Regional Development and Physical Activity: Issues and Strategies for Promoting Health Equity

Overview

Explores the connection between development patterns, physical activity, and poor health and examines how neighborhoods that have become racially segregated and economically isolated as a result of sprawling development patterns offer few opportunities to be physically active.

Building A Healthier Sacramento Region: An Analysis of AB 680

Overview

Synthesizes existing research on land use and regional development and provides an analysis of the potential benefits of a California Assembly Bill that would have addressed inequitable sales tax distribution, rewarded smart growth projects, and encouraged development that fosters regional cooperation and meets smart growth principles.

Bridging the Organizational Divide: Toward a Comprehensive Approach to the Digital Divide

Overview

Explores the  intersection between the community building and community technology movements and efforts to push it forward to new places with greater synergy and policy impact.

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