Inclusive Procurement And Contracting: Building a Field of Policy and Practice

Overview

This study, co-authored by Emerald Cities and PolicyLink, and generously supported by a grant from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, surveys the current landscape on inclusive procurement and contracting policies and practices in the infrastructure and construction industries. The goal was to specifically determine how to best position minority-owned, women-owned, and disadvantaged businesses (MWDBEs) to effectively compete for large-scale construction projects in these industries. A successful inclusive procurement program of action is key not only to providing jobs, but also to closing the wealth gap needed to secure the well-being and future of children, families, and the regions in which they live.

This report details the rationale for inclusive practices in this industry and includes historical and current equitable development policies and trends. It also identifies challenges and best practices and sets forth recommendations for strengthening the field of practice. The report provides insight into inclusive procurement and contracting policies within the energy, water, transportation, health, education, and public housing sectors. It also considers the field of practice in different geographic regions of the United States. Download executive summary here.

Transportation Matters: Closing the Chasm between Housing and Transportation to Foster Communities of Opportunity for All

Overview

"Transportation Matters: Closing the Chasm between Housing and Transportation to Foster Communities of Opportunity for All," by PolicyLink staff member Anita Cozart, appears in the American Bar Association’s Journal of Affordable Housing and Community Development Law, volume 25, issue no. 2, © 2017 American Bar Association. It examines the "chasm" that exists between the two sectors and what can be done to break down the barriers and create benefits and opportunities for all. Please note: This information or any portion thereof may not be copied or disseminated in any form or by any means or downloaded or stored in an electronic database or retrieval system without the express written consent of the American Bar Association.

Fostering Access to Opportunity HUD’s Proposed Affirmatively Furthering Housing Rule

Overview

The Fair Housing Act of 1968 requires HUD to conduct programs in such a manner that “affirmatively furthers fair housing” – a term that has never been defined. Responding to concerns raised by the Government Accountability Office and stakeholders, the proposed Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) rule does three key things:
 
  1. Clarifies the definition of AFFH to include actions that expand mobility for all households in opportunity-rich communities, reducing segregation and concentrated poverty – as well as actions that invest in high-poverty communities, expanding opportunity for existing residents.
  2. Improves the process that local jurisdictions undertake to ensure that HUD funds are being used to further fair housing by aligning it with Consolidated Plans for CDBG and HOME allocations and with Public Housing Plans for public housing dollars.
  3. Provides local jurisdictions with consistent data to ensure that grantees can measure their progress on reducing segregation and racially concentrated

Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) Rule is Sound Policy

Overview

While the Fair Housing Act has largely succeeded in outlawing overt housing discrimination, it has been less effective in promoting equal opportunity, in large part because of a lack of clarity and technical support surrounding the mandate to “affirmatively further” fair housing goals.

The AFFH rule provides much-needed clarification of the Fair Housing Act and provides support to HUD grantees that makes grantees better equipped to promote fair housing choice, foster inclusive communities, and increase opportunity for all residents.

AFH Roles Matrix

Overview

In this table, you will find examples of the different types of stakeholders that could be included in the AFH and what expertise and assets they may bring. You will find information on the kinds of data they might have access to, resources and in-kind support they might leverage and policies or programs they could implement to increase access to opportunity and promote fair housing.

This is not meant to be a checklist, but rather a tool for brainstorming potential stakeholders that will amplify the success of the AFH. Keep in mind that not every HUD program participant will need to include all of these players; however, many may play a vital role in ensuring better AFH outcomes, which leads to increased access to opportunity for historically marginalized communities.

Oakland’s Displacement Crisis: As Told by the Numbers

Overview

This brief highlights some of the challenges Oakland tenants are facing in the ongoing housing crisis, and some key policy steps that could provide much needed relief.

A Roadmap Toward Equity: Housing Solutions for Oakland, California

Overview

Oakland, California, faces a serious shortage of affordable housing. Commissioned by the Oakland City Council, A Roadmap Toward Equity analyzes the depth of the problem and presents more than a dozen policy solutions for preventing displacement, increasing the stock of affordable housing, and improving housing habitability for all Oakland residents.

Strategies for Strengthening Anchor Institutions’ Community Impact

Overview

Anchor institutions are large, place-based organizations, often public or nonprofit, that exist as core fixtures in local communities. This brief provides promising examples where anchor institutions have engaged in activities to advance economic inclusion, promote access to employment, and otherwise improve the circumstances faced by boys and men of color. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Health-Care Workforce Development

Overview

This brief identifies a number of promising programs and practices in the health-care sector that promotes access to economic opportunities for people of color and other individuals facing barriers to opportunity. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Wraparound Services for African American Men Seeking Employment

Overview

This brief presents promising practices for wrapping young men of color in supports such as pre-employment services, transitional jobs, and job placement services. It draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Strategies for Addressing Equity in Infrastructure and Public Works

Overview

This brief presents case studies and promising practices for connecting hard-to-employ job seekers, men of color, and low-income residents to temporary and permanent job opportunities in the infrastructure sector. Featured are targeted first-source hiring and contracting programs implemented through community workforce agreements (CWAs), community benefit agreements (CBAs), and/or project labor agreements (PLAs). The document draws on a scan of national best practices originally developed for the City of New Orleans.

Key Strategies to Advance Equitable Growth in Regions

Overview

Achieving equitable growth in cities and regions will require a new set of tools, innovative leveraging of resources, and unprecedented levels of collaboration. This report draws from the work already underway in more than 40 cities and regions to connect low-income people and communities of color to the economic mainstream. It lifts up strategies concentrated in seven areas, all helping communities to plan for equitable growth, remove employment barriers, grow good jobs, and strengthen the education pipeline.

Regional Planning for Health Equity

Overview

This brief introduces strategies for planning for health equity at a regional scale and summarizes the movement for building healthy communities. It draws from the experiences of regional equity coalitions and metropolitan planning organizations to identify five important conditions that must be met to achieve effective results.

Equitable Food Hubs - Equitable Development Toolkit

Overview

Describes food hubs as an emerging retail strategy that has the potential to create a more equitable food system. (2014)

Partnership for Sustainable Communities: Five Years of Learning from Communities and Coordinating Federal Investments

Overview

In celebration of the fifth anniversary of the Partnership for Sustainable Communities, HUD, DOT, and EPA released their five year annual report. This report shows how the three agencies are changing their policies and removing barriers to help communities provide more housing choices, make transportation systems more efficient and reliable, and create vibrant neighborhoods while protecting the environment.

Advancing Environmental Justice through Sustainability Planning (Full Report)

Overview

Explains why addressing environmental justice (EJ) is a key aspect of creating sustainable regions, and presents ways in which those involved in local and regional planning can achieve EJ in their communities.

Community Engagement Guide for Sustainable Communities

Overview

Describes the Sustainable Communities Initiative, where communities are catalyzing new networks of relationships, finding new problem-solving methods, and creating new inclusive decision-making tables to craft an authentic vision for an equitable and prosperous future.

Building Economic Resilience: Integrated Planning and Investment Grants

California Unincorporated: Mapping Disadvantaged Communities in the San Joaquin Valley (Technical Guide)

Overview

This technical guide provides a step-by-step detailed account of technical mapping methods and additional sources for data, and will help those interested in replicating this model.

California Unincorporated: Mapping Disadvantaged Communities in the San Joaquin Valley

Overview

Describes new methods for identifying, measuring, and mapping disadvantaged unincorporated communities and a first account of the findings from applying these new methods to the San Joaquin Valley.

Advancing Environmental Justice through Sustainability Planning (Executive Summary)

Overview

Explains why addressing environmental justice (EJ) is a key aspect of creating sustainable regions, and presents ways in which those involved in local and regional planning can achieve EJ in their communities.

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment Roles and Responsibilities Guide

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment: Developing a Scope of Work to Maximize Equitable Outcomes

Overview

Outlines primary issues for consideration by HUD Sustainable Communities Regional Planning grantees to help activate a process that can inform future housing and infrastructure investment decisions.

Immigrant Integration: Integrating New Americans and Building Sustainable Communities

Overview

Profiles immigrants in this country, places the immigrant integration opportunity in the broader context of a changing country, and concludes with recommendations for local agencies to better incorporate diverse immigrant communities into planning and other processes that make our regions run.

Healthy Corridor for All: A Community Health Impact Assessment of Transit-Oriented Development Policy in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Overview

Responding to community concerns, the Healthy Corridor for All Health Impact Assessment (HIA) project was launched to understand the potential impacts of the proposed transit-oriented land use changed on the communities that live in the Central Corridor.

Fostering Equitable Foreclosure Recovery

Overview

Informs policy discussions about foreclosure recovery, describes the federal program created to help communities recover, shares case studies of efforts in three regions in the Northwest, and suggests policy recommendations for ensuring equitable recovery and building a more just system of housing finance for future generations.

Buy Newark: Adopting a Comprehensive Buy-Local Strategy for the City of Newark

Overview

Outlines various recommendations to better steer a portion of the enormous purchasing power in Newark, NJ, toward local, small, and minority- and women-owned businesses, which can result in substantial local economic impacts that would benefit a broad and deep cross-section of Newark residents.

When Investors Buy Up the Neighborhood: Strategies to Prevent Investor Ownership from Causing Neighborhood Decline

Overview

Describes three dozen strategies communities can use to reclaim foreclosed properties, encourage positive reinvestment, and stabilize their neighborhoods and also details how many of these approaches are already at work in Minnesota and across the country.

The 2011 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant Equity Guide

Overview

The PolicyLink Equity Guide to Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants is designed to help applicants structure equity focused activities into their grant applications. This guide—an update of the inaugural guide released in Summer 2010 in preparation for the first round of grants—provides information on how regions can incorporate social equity into their applications for the second round of funding for sustainable communities grants, announced in early August of 2011. It was written for local governments, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), nonprofits, foundations, and educational institutions who are interested in developing competitive grant applications.

Pathways Out of Poverty for Vulnerable Californians: Policies that Prepare the Workforce for Middle-Skill Infrastructure Jobs

Overview

Examines the growing demand for "middle-skill" jobs, highlights job opportunity expansion programs, examines challenges facing low-income people and communities of color, and offers recommendations to help California improve its community college system.

The New Orleans Index at Five: Reviewing Key Reforms After Hurricane Katrina

Overview

Describes promising equity- and community-driven developments, identifies the history of the challenge by outlining key trends in housing and community development, and describes the rise of strong community-based groups that are working to revive key neighborhoods.

Expanding Opportunity: Employing the Formerly Incarcerated in the Green Economy

Overview

Provides information to enable efficient and equitable hiring of people with criminal records using Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) funds; also provides a resource for community organizations and advocates working to promote fair opportunities for people with criminal records within the emerging green sector.

The President's 2011 Budget: Creating Communities of Opportunity

Overview

Analyzes the 2011 budget in the context of three broad approaches: making all neighborhoods stable, healthy and livable; linking people to opportunities; and enabling all to live near regional opportunity.

The 2010 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant Equity Guide

Overview

The PolicyLink Equity Guide to Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants is designed to help applicants structure equity focused activities into their grant applications. This guide—an update of the inaugural guide released in Summer 2010 in preparation for the first round of grants—provides information on how regions can incorporate social equity into their applications for the second round of funding for sustainable communities grants, announced in early August of 2011. It was written for local governments, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), nonprofits, foundations, and educational institutions who are interested in developing competitive grant applications.

An Engine of Opportunity: A User's Guide to Advocate for Transportation Equity in the 2009 Recovery Act

Overview

This report by PolicyLink and the Transportation Equity Network, provides a roadmap for advocates to ensure stimulus-funded public transportation projects bring hope and economic opportunity to millions of Americans hit “first and worstâ€ù by the economic downturn. The report shows advocates how they can push local, state, and federal leaders to make fair and just transportation investments in low-income communities and communities of color.

Inclusion in the Workforce: Positioning the Pittsburgh Region to Prosper and Compete

Overview

Analyzes racial disparities in employment in the Pittsburgh region, reviews the critical role that a diverse workforce plays in improving economic competitiveness, and features numerous recommendations on how the Pittsburgh region can work to remove structural and attitudinal barriers to reduce its racial employment disparity.

Healthy, Equitable Transportation Policy: Recommendations and Research

Overview

Details the intersection of transportation, equity, and health, covering topics from public transportation, walking and bicycling, to safety and economic development, and highlights key policy solutions and provides background on the federal surface transportation policy.

The Transportation Prescription: Bold New Ideas for Healthy, Equitable Transportation Reform

Overview

Provides key policy and program recommendations that can improve health outcomes in vulnerable communities, create economic opportunity, and enhance environmental quality.

Bringing Home the Green Recovery: A User's Guide to the 2009 America Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Overview

This report, produced with Green for All, offers tangible, up-to-date information and ideas for using and securing recovery dollars to help expand opportunity in low-income communities and communities of color. The guide is a first step in what will be a vital nationwide effort to ensure the recovery package helps all communities rise stronger than ever from this economic crisis, and that community-based organizations are at the forefront in crafting a green, equitable recovery.

Foreclosed Properties - Equitable Development Toolkit

Overview

Use this tool to steer neighborhoods back to sustainable recovery after foreclosure processes are well underway. (2009)

All Aboard! Making Equity and Inclusion Central to Federal Transportation Policy

Overview

Provides a framework of principles, describes the work and ideas of key players, and captures the important policy solutions that should be included in the upcoming federal authorization legislation.

Understanding Climate Change: An Equitable Framework

Overview

Reports information that contributes to a deeper understanding of climate change issues, considers the equity consequences and implications associated with global warming, and provides resource guides that identify additional sources of information.

Promoting Healthy Public Policy through Community-Based Participatory Research: Ten Case Studies

Overview

This document explores 10 case studies of diverse community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnerships around the United States that have in common a commitment to foster healthy public policy. These case studies offer a window into the world of community, health department, and academic partnerships throughout the nation that are working to change policy to improve community health, reduce disparities, and foster equity. The report draws on data from dozens of in-depth interviews with partnership members, community focus groups, and policymakers.

To Be Strong Again: Renewing the Promise in Smaller Industrial Cities

Overview

The report offers a vision and an action agenda for ensuring that smaller industrial cities take their rightful places within America's diverse and healthy metropolitan regions.

Breathing Easy from Home to School: Fighting the Environmental Triggers of Childhood Asthma

Overview

Offers a blueprint for what we all can do to make our children’s air safer and healthier; provides policy recommendations and effective strategies for reducing community factors that contribute to asthma development and that spark asthma attacks.

Transforming Community Development with Land Information Systems

Overview

Describes how pioneering organizations and partnerships are turning robust, integrated parcel data systems into powerful tools for guiding community change, such as monitoring and preserving affordable housing and planning commercial district revitalization.

Regional Equity and the Quest for Full Inclusion

Overview

This framing paper, introduced at "Regional Equity 08: The Third National Summit on Equitable Development, Social Justice, and Smart Growth," during a conference hosted by PolicyLink in New Orleans examines the history of equity in America and how national and global forces are creating unique challenges and opportunities. It concludes with a vision of the future characterized by shared economic prosperity and true participatory democracy, one where everyone including people of color and residents of low-income communities can contribute and benefit.

Delivering Equitable Development to a Recovering Louisiana: A State Policy Guide for 2008 and Beyond

Overview

This report takes a thorough look at the following four principles: the integration of strategies that support people while improving places; the reduction of disparities between neighborhoods, localities, and across regions; promotion of double bottom line investments that offer financial return to investors and economic and social benefits to residents; and full and meaningful community voice, participation, and leadership. It illustrates how these principles can positively impact the rebuilding and recovery efforts throughout the state of Louisiana.

Transit Oriented Development - Equitable Development Toolkit

Overview

How to implement TOD -- compact, mixed-use, pedestrian-oriented communities located around new or existing public transit stations -- in a way that achieves equity goals. (2008)

Delivering on the Promise of Inclusionary Housing: Best Practices in Administration and Monitoring

Overview

Outlines several of the most common tasks associated with ongoing administration of inclusionary housing programs and describes some of the common approaches to staffing and paying for implementation.

Voices from Forgotten Cities: Innovative Revitalization Coalitions in America's Older Small Cities

Overview

Provides a thematic summary of MIT’s Forgotten Cities seminars and a framework and analysis that arose from the discussions about daunting economic challenges faced by smaller industrial cities and the promise they hold.

Building a Better New Orleans: Hope Needs Help

Overview

Highlights tremendous strides made by New Orleans' most vulnerable people after Hurricanes Rita and Katrina and also calls on the federal government, the private sector, and the public to do more to create a truly vibrant and equitable city.

Connecting Working Families to Economic Opportunities in the Philadelphia Region: The Role of Employers

Overview

Describes barriers to economic success faced by working families and puts forth strategies that employers, government, and the nonprofit sector can use to overcome these barriers with a focus on programs for job training, housing, transportation, and community revitalization partnerships.

Grow Newark: Building Newark's Economy by Investing in Minority and Women-Owned Small Businesses

Overview

Examines the challenges facing women- and minority-owned businesses in Newark, NJ, and provides recommendations based on best practices that have been proven successful in other cities.

Brownfields - Equitable Development Toolkit

Overview

Encourage redevelopment of brownfields (abandoned, idled, or underutilized commercial or industrial sites). (2007)

Affordable Housing - Equitable Development Toolkit

Overview

Based on a workshop, this is an umbrella tool that introduces advocates to affordable housing strategies and helps them match their goals with appropriate tools. (2007)

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