1 PolicyLink. March 2016. An Equitable Food System: Good for Families, Communities, and the Economy. Issue Brief Series: The Economic Benefits of Equity. Oakland, CA: PolicyLink. http://www.policylink.org/resources-tools/equitable-food-system-brief
2 Alana Rhone, Michele Ver Ploeg, Chris Dicken, Ryan Williams, and Vince Breneman. January 2017. Low-Income and Low-Supermarket-Access Census Tracts, 2010-2015. EIB-165, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/82101/eib-165.pdf?v=0
3 Food Chain Workers Alliance and Solidarity Research Cooperative. November 2016. No Piece of the Pie: U.S. Food Workers in 2016. Los Angeles, CA: Food Chain Workers Alliance. http://foodchainworkers.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/FCWA_NoPieceOfThePie_P.pdf
4 California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2017. California Agricultural Exports: 2016-2017. California Department of Food and Agriculture. https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/statistics/PDFs/2017AgExports.pdf
5 California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2015. California Agricultural Statistics Review, 2014-2015. California Department of Food and Agriculture. https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/statistics/PDFs/2015Report.pdf
6 National Agricultural Statistics Service. May 2014. 2012 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data. AC-12-A-51. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/usv1.pdf
7 Gail Wadsworth and Lisa Kresge. September 26, 2011. "Hunger in the Fields." Civil Eats. https://civileats.com/2011/09/26/hunger-in-the-fields/
8 National Agricultural Statistics Service. May 2014. 2012 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data. AC-12-A-51. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/usv1.pdf
9 National Agricultural Statistics Service. May 2014. 2012 Census of Agriculture: United States Summary and State Data. AC-12-A-51. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/usv1.pdf
10 National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. September 2012. Farmworker Health Factsheet: Demographics. National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. http://www.ncfh.org/uploads/3/8/6/8/38685499/fs-migrant_demographics.pdf
11 Philip Martin and Daniel Costa. March 21, 2017. "Farmworker Wages in California: Large Gap between Full-Time Equivalent and Actual Earnings." Working Economics Blog, Economic Policy Institute. https://www.epi.org/blog/farmworker-wages-in-california-large-gap-between-full-time-equivalent-and-actual-earnings/
12 Sara Kominers. 2015. Working in Fear. Sexual Violence Against Women Farmworkers in the United States: A Literature Review. Boston, MA: Oxfam America. https://www.northeastern.edu/law/pdfs/academics/phrge/kominers-report.pdf
13 Farmworker Justice. 2013. Exposed and Ignored: How Pesticides Are Endangering Our Nation's Farmworkers. Washington, DC: Farmworker Justice. https://www.farmworkerjustice.org/sites/default/files/aExposed percent20and percent20Ignored percent20by percent20Farmworker percent20Justice percent20singles percent20compressed.pdf
14 Anisha Hingorani and Haan-Fawn Chau. October 2013. Los Angeles Food System Snapshot 2013. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles Food Policy Council.
15 Hingorani and Chau. Los Angeles Food System Snapshot 2013.
16 Anthony Giancatarino and Simran Noor. July 17, 2014. Building the Case for Racial Equity in the Food System. New York, NY: Center for Social Inclusion. https://www.centerforsocialinclusion.org/publication/building-the-case-for-racial-equity-in-the-food-system/
17 David Siders and Jeremy B. White. September 12, 2016. "California Farmworker Overtime Bill Signed by Jerry Brown." The Sacramento Bee. https://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/capitol-alert/article101400142.html
18 David Saxowsky. 2018. "Regulation of the U.S. Food Processing Sector." Food Law. North Dakota State University. https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/foodlaw/safe-408-608/foodprocessingregulation
19 Richard J. Sexton, Josué Medellín-Azuara, and Tina L. Saitone. January 2015. The Economic Impact of Food and Beverage Processing in California and Its Cities and Counties. California League of Food Processors. http://clfp.com/wp-content/uploads/CLFP_FINAL_Report_1_29_15.pdf
21 Nationally, the meat and poultry industry employs 500,000 workers in slaughterhouses and meat processing plants. The United Food & Commercial Workers International Union estimates that tens of thousands of refugee workers make up the nearly 250,000 unionized meat and poultry plant workers across the country. Oxfam America. 2018. No Relief: Denial of Bathroom Breaks in Poultry Industry. Boston, MA: Oxfam America. https://www.oxfamamerica.org/static/media/files/No_Relief.pdf
22 Bureau of Labor Statistics. May 2017. "Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2017: 51-3099 Food Processing Workers, All Other." Occupational Employment Statistics. U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes513099.htm
23 Yvonne Yen Liu and Dominique Apollon. February 2011. The Color of Food. Applied Research Center. https://www.raceforward.org/sites/default/files/downloads/food_justice_021611_F.pdf
24 Food Chain Workers Alliance and Solidarity Research Cooperative. No Piece of the Pie.
25 Cindy Carcamo. July 31, 2017. "In California's Poultry Plants, Refugees Fill Vacuum Left after President Bush's Immigration Raid." The Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-refugees-in-poultry-industry-in-california-20170726-htmlstory.html
26 Human Rights Watch. 2004. Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Workers' Rights in U.S. Meat and Poultry Plants. New York, NY: Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/usa0105.pdf
27 Cal/OSHA Consultation Service. 2003. Ergonomics in Action: A Guide to Best Practices for the Food-Processing Industry. California Department of Industrial Relations. https://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/dosh_publications/erg_food_processing.pdf
28 Peggy Lowe. April 26, 2017. "Tyson Foods Promises Better Conditions and Safety for Meat Workers." NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/04/26/525736888/tyson-foods-promises-better-conditions-and-safety-for-meat-workers
29 Harvest Public Media. 2018. Dangerous Jobs, Cheap Meat. Harvest Public Media. http://www.harvestpublicmedia.org/topic/dangerous-jobs-cheap-meat
30 Richard J. Sexton, Josué Medellín-Azuara, and Tina L. Saitone. The Economic Impact of Food and Beverage Processing in California and Its Cities and Counties.
31 Yvonne Yen Liu. July 2012. Good Food and Good Jobs for All: Challenges and Opportunities to Advance Racial and Economic Equity in the Food System. Applied Research Center. https://www.raceforward.org/research/reports/good-food-and-good-jobs-all
32 Food Chain Workers Alliance and Solidarity Research Cooperative. No Piece of the Pie.|
34 Economic Research Service. October 2017. "Wholesaling." U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food-markets-prices/retailing-wholesaling/wholesaling/
37 Wayne Wakeland, Susan Cholette, and Kumar Venkat. "Chapter 9: Food Transportation Issues and Reducing Carbon Footprint." In J.I. Boye and Y. Arcand (eds.), Green Technologies in Food Production and Processing. Food Engineering Series. CleanMetrics Corporation. http://www.cleanmetrics.com/pages/ch9_0923.pdf
38 Natural Resource Defense Council. November 2007. Food Miles: How Far Your Food Travels Has Serious Consequences for Your Health and the Climate. Health Facts. Natural Resources Defense Council. http://www.goodfoodworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/foodmiles.pdf
39 DA Cleveland, CN Radka, NM Muller, TD Watson, NJ Rekstein, HV Wright, and SE Hollingshead. May 2011. Effect of Localizing Fruit and Vegetable Consumption on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Nutrition, Santa Barbara County. Environmental Science & Technology. 45:4555-4562. DOI: 10.1021/es1040317
40 Food Chain Workers Alliance and Solidarity Research Cooperative. No Piece of the Pie.
41 Yvonne Yen Liu and Dominique Apollon. The Color of Food.
44 California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2012. Improving Food Access in California: A Report to the California Legislature. California Department of Food and Agriculture. https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/exec/public_affairs/pdf/ImprovingFoodAccessInCalifornia.pdf
45 Saru Jayaraman and the Food Labor Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. June 1, 2014. Shelved: How Wages and Working Conditions for California's Food Retail Workers Have Declined as the Industry Has Thrived. United Food and Commercial Workers, Western States Council. http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/shelved-how-wages-and-working-conditions-for-californias-food-retail-workers-have-declined-as-the-industry-has-thrived/
46 Tracie McMillan. March 2016. "The SNAP Gap: Benefits Aren't Enough to Keep Many Recipients Fed." NPR.https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/03/03/468955099/the-snap-gap-benefits-arent-enough-to-keep-many-recipients-fed
47 Food and Nutrition Service. September 2017. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: State Activity Report, Fiscal Year 2016. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://fns-prod.azureedge.net/sites/default/files/snap/FY16-State-Activity-Report.pdf48 Julian Agyeman, Caitlin Matthews, and Hannah Sobel. September 2017. Food Trucks, Cultural Identity, and Social Justice: From Loncheras to Lobsta Love. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
49 Garrett Snyder. May 16, 2016. "Every Farmers Market in L.A. Will Now Accept Food Stamps." LA Weekly. https://www.laweekly.com/restaurants/every-farmers-market-in-la-will-now-accept-food-stamps-6927575
50 Saru Jayaraman and the Food Labor Research Center. Shelved: How Wages and Working Conditions for California's Food Retail Workers Have Declined as the Industry Has Thrived.
51 CalRecycle. October 2018. "Food Scraps Management: Organic Materials Management." California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery, State of California. https://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/organics/food/
52 Dana Gunders and Jonathan Bloom. August 2017. Wasted: How America Is Losing Up To 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Form to Landfill. 2nd ed. Natural Resources Defense Council. https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/wasted-2017-report.pdf
53 United States Department of Agriculture. December 2017. "Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement," Economic Research Service.
54 Jean C. Buzby, Hodan F. Wells, and Jeffrey Hyman. February 2014. "The Estimated Amount, Value, and Calories of Postharvest Food Losses at the Retail and Consumer Levels in the United States." United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. Economic Information Bulletin Number 121. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/43833/43680_eib121.pdf